The roof is a very important part of a home. It protects the structural foundation, catches rain and snow and helps with noise levels and energy costs. There are many different types of residential roofs, and some of the most common are asphalt shingles, wood shakes, clay tile roofs, metal roofs and slate shingles. Asphalt shingles are by far the most popular and usually least expensive roofing choice. Other advantages include the wide array of colors and patterns, ease of installation and durability for all types of climates.
There are other types of residential roofing including metal roofing, wood shakes, flat roofs and earth roofing. For a small to mid-sized home, a wood shake may be the ideal choice. Earth roofing systems are designed to withstand the elements such as wind and water and usually consist of one of two layers. The first layer is a type of protective membrane that prevents moisture from penetrating the second, lighter layer which is made of materials that prevent decay and insect infestation.
Asphalt Shingles is probably the most well-known types of residential roofing. They are durable, inexpensive and require little maintenance. Asphalt shingles are constructed by combining clay (or gravel) and silica sand, which are then combined to make an extremely durable material that is also lightweight. Asphalt shingles are available in two different thicknesses to accommodate the application and style of roofing project. Some asphalt shingles come pre-laid, while others must be built on-site using asphalt shingles that are supplied per length order. Asphalt shingles have been used in the United States for approximately 150 years, beginning in the early 1800s when they were used for railroad tracks and other construction projects.
Of all the types of residential roofing materials, asphalt shingles are least environmentally-friendly and the least cost-effective. They do, however, have the advantage of being very reliable and long-lasting. Asphalt types come in both self-adhesive and prefabricated forms and vary in quality depending on the formulation. Self-adhesive types can be placed over any type of surface including wood, tile, glass, concrete and other types of materials that are too irregular for standard manufactured roofing tiles.
Solar tiles are very durable and convenient to install. As their name suggests, these tiles are made from recycled materials and are specifically designed to help with the absorption and emission of solar heat during the day. These types of tiles have gained in popularity over the past decade or so and it is no wonder. Solar tiles are available in several different types and are now commonly used in residential roofs.
Homeowners often wonder about whether slate is a good material to use in a new roof. Slate is one of the most durable roofing materials available today. Slate roofing is not only attractive and functional, but can actually save you money over time. It can also be used in combination with other materials to create a more custom fit. Many homeowners like the fact that they can install slate over metal, wood or other types of roofing materials without having to remove the existing roof. If you are looking for an appealing, durable material for your new roof, consider slate.