Interior design is an art and science of improving the interior of a structure to create a happier and healthier environment for those using the room. An interior designer is a person who researches, plans, coordinates, and oversees such improvement projects. The term ‘interior designer’ encompasses many professionals, from planners to engineers, architects to furnishers, and builders. Designing a home or a commercial space can become quite complex, with a lot of planning and changes required before a project can even begin.
Interior designers are responsible for determining the basic layout and general appearance of a room, sometimes working closely with architects. These experts take into consideration the preferences of the client as well as any special requirements that may be required by the structure in question. Interior designers can be found in various fields and include architecture, art, computer science, and many others. There has been a recent surge in the interior design profession as the need for such services has increased in proportion to the growth in the industry. As a result, there has been a proliferation of online schools, associations, and certification programs that offer accredited interior design degrees.
The interior design profession is not just limited to designing spaces for living spaces. It also extends to the design of interiors for appliances and other mechanical equipment, office space, and outdoor areas, such as gardens and yards. Interior designers are also involved in the design of technical facilities, such as airports, nuclear power plants, and major universities. They may be responsible for creating or designing entire floor plans or individual floor layouts for commercial buildings or schools.
Interior design began as an aspect of architecture. The beginnings of interior decoration were seen in the French Revolution, when the designing profession began to grow and encompass interior decoration in some form. Interior decoration developed alongside the architectural design profession during the nineteenth century. Art Nouveau, Pop Art, Futurism, and Post-Impressionism all contributed to the rise of the interior decoration profession.
In the twentieth century, the expansion of cities and the need for more efficient ways of heating and cooling resulted in the growth of urban planning and design. Professional organizations began to be formed to represent the interests of interior designers. These organizations helped to standardize design standards and practices. In the twentieth century, the interior design profession made great strides in producing more aesthetically appealing spaces, in response to the demands of an increasingly demanding public.
Modern trends in interior design, in response to the consumer demand for spacious and pleasingly arranged spaces, have resulted in complex, multi-faceted spaces that are pleasing to the eye. This shift in the public’s conception of interiors led to the invention of such concepts as “space age” and the adoption of contemporary design styles, which often include clean geometric lines and striking color schemes. The increasing familiarity of the public with spaces, combined with the continuing development of technical and structural innovations, has resulted in more people demanding more attractive spaces. As a result, the interior designers have to meet these demands by meeting the needs of the public by producing more aesthetically appealing spaces that are well planned, coordinated, and created with modern furniture and innovative interior design techniques.